Sagrada Familia is a Roman Catholic Church in Barcelona. Its full name can be translated as “The Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family”. It was designed by the architect Antoni Gaudi and it is included in the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. Today there is a donation fund for the completion of the church. Park Guell and Sagrada Familia, which are both designed by Antoni Gaudi, are two of the most impressive and popular landmarks in Barcelona. Antoni Gaudi was a native Barcelonian and devoted a huge part of his life to fill his city with his wonderful works. You can find the church Sagrada Familia on the square of Sagrada Familia, which is quite near to the centre of Barcelona.
Sagrada Familia, Barcelona Image
The idea of building Sagrada Familia belongs to bookseller Bocabella. In 1872 he returned to Barcelona after visiting the Vatican inspired by the church of Loreto.
In the beginning the cathedral was designed by other architect rather than Gaudi. He wanted to build a standard Catholic Gothic church but when Gaudi started to work, the design was changed thoroughly.
The construction of the church began in 1883 but it never got completed because of the architect’s untimely death in 1926. Gaudi himself was very religious and he spent a great part of his life on the work of designing this church. However, according to the artist, before he died, the work wasn’t even close to the end. In 1936 war interrupted the construction of Sagrada Familia and a fire in Gaudi’s workshop destroyed the works and models of the uncompleted parts of the church. It is planned now that the church will be completed by 2026.
Sagrada Familia Image
The height of Sagrada Familia is about 170 meters. Since 1904 there are three doorways which symbolize Faith, Hope and Charity and 18 towers which represent the Evangelists, the Apostles, the Virgin Mary and Jesus. There are three façades of the church. The East side of it is called the façade of Nativity. The South side of Sagrada Familia is the Glory façade which is not yet completed; the third one is called the Passion façade. The East façade bears the largest influence of Gaudi as it was mostly built during the time of his life. The Passion façade with its tortured characters however is the most impressive of them. Every element of the church is abundant with complexity and deep symbolicism that is especially typical for Gaudi’s works.